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Обрезание «Интеко»

Как связаны Елена Батурина и Люк Хардинг

Следственный комитет МВД проводит обыск в офисе «Интеко». Компанию Елены Батуриной подозревают в причастности к хищению 13 млрд рублей из Банка Москвы, сообщают информагентства. Это, вероятно, продолжение борьбы с системой Юрия Лужкова в столице. Анализируя эту новость, мы вспомнили об одном из самых интересных материалов последнего времени о коррупции в Москве – депеше WikiLeaks «Дилемма Лужкова» (MOSCOW 000317), которая была опубликована в «Русском репортере» под заголовком «В Москве коррупция проникла повсюду» 2 декабря 2010 года. При дальнейшем поиске материалов открылась детективная история, связанная с этим документом.

Виталий Лейбин поделиться:
18 февраля 2011
размер текста: aaa

Независимо от «Русского репортера» и даже на несколько часов раньше английская газета The Guardian на своем сайте опубликовала материал на основании этой депеши. Автор материала - Люк Хардинг, тот самый журналист, которого сначала не пустили в Россию, а потом, после международного скандала, все-таки пустили, но дали однократную визу. Сам Хардинг считает, что это политическое преследование, расплата за жесткие статьи, критикующие политику Кремля и коррупцию. Люк Хардинг действительно писал довольно злобные статьи по поводу терактов в Москве, причем с некоторым сочувствием к террористам, по поводу победы России за место проведения ЧМ-2018 по футболу и др.

Люк Хардинг также готовил к публикации депеши WikiLeaks о России, СНГ и некоторых других странах. Он давал броские заголовки, например, «Россия – мафиозное государство», а существенно отредактированная депеша о взглядах на жизнь известного политического активиста (MOSCOW 002632) превратилась в материал о компании «Гунвор» и «кремлевской коррупции». Но если смотреть не на заголовки, выдернутые из контекста депеш, а на содержание, то статья про Лужкова – наверное, самая острая. Но, как выяснил Исраэль Шамир, в этой депеше при публикации в The Guardian была проведена жесткая цензура и даже вырезан целый абзац.

Вот этот абзац без купюр:

«7. (S) Сергей Канев, репортер по уголовным делам либеральной «Новой газеты» рассказывал нам, что жена Лужкова Елена Батурина определенно имеет связи в криминальном мире, прежде всего в солнцевской преступной группировке (в правоохранительных органах считается одной из наиболее мощных в России). Согласно размещенной в сети Интернет статье «О московской группировке» (очевидно, имеется в виду материал «АФК «Система»: вся подноготная» - прим. пер.), Владимир Евтушенков, возглавляющий компанию «Система», женат на сестре Батуриной Наталье. «Система» создавалась как акционерное общество московской городской власти и сосредоточила свою деятельность на приватизации столичной недвижимости и газовых компаний. Президент «Системы» Евгений Новицкий контролировал и солнцевскую преступную группировку. В настоящее время «Система» разделилась на несколько компаний, участвующих в различных проектах, как правило, на 50 процентов финансируемых правительством Москвы».

РР уже писал о том, что The Guardian грубо цензурирует депеши Wikileaks, изменяя их смысл так, что западные страны и компании выглядят в лучшем свете, а Россия предстает еще хуже, чем в переписке Госдепа. Но в данном случае причину нельзя объяснить даже специфически понятыми интересами Великобритании. (Скорее российскому изданию было бы неприятно повторять за послом США непроверенные слухи о российских крупных предпринимателях.) Тем не менее, правка этой депеши вряд ли случайна. История редактирования этой депеши на сайте Wikileaks такова - в течение одного дня, 1 декабря, в депеше трижды (!) вырезались разные куски в период с 15.01 до 21.01. В это время, видимо, шла ожесточенная борьба редактур. Но в итоге депеша получила ровно тот вид, какой и в публикации Хардинга. Мы пытаемся связаться с Хардингом и взять у него комментарий по этому эпизоду, но ответа пока не получили.

Понятно только, что несмотря на то, что Люк Хардинг имеет большой доступ к материалам Wikileaks и пользуется ими для своей работы, он при этом одновременно пытается дискредитировать Джулиана Эссенджа и его партнеров в своих публикациях. Немного досталось даже «Русскому репортеру», который был им назван почему-то «state-backed publication» - «изданием, за которым стоит государство». Так что не исключено, что странные поступки Хардинга связаны не только с редакционной политикой, или с знакомством, скажем, с Еленой Батуриной, а усталостью и острой нелюбовью к тому материалу, с которым приходится иметь дело, нелюбовью к Wikileaks, к России и вообще…

В любом случае «РР» из соображений журналисткой солидарности выступает в защиту прав журналистов делать свою работу в любой стране мира - в том числе Люка Хардинга, в том числе и в России. Если журналист действительно этого хочет.

 

Депеша целиком – выделены слои редактуры (удаления)

S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 000317

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/11/2020

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PINR, ECON, KDEM, KCOR, RS

SUBJECT: THE LUZKHOV DILEMMA

Classified By: Ambassador John R. Beyrle. Reason: 1.4 (b), (d).

В1. (C) Summary: Moscow Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov remains a loyal member of United Russia, with a reputation for ensuring that the city has the resources it needs to function smoothly. Questions increasingly arise regarding Luzhkov's connections to the criminal world and the impact of these ties on governance. Luzhkov remains in a solid position due to his value as a consistent deliverer of votes for the ruling party. Unfortunately, the shadowy world of corrupt business practices under Luzhkov continues in Moscow, with corrupt officials requiring bribes from businesses attempting to operate in the city. End Summary.

Overview: The Kremlin's Luzhkov Dilemma

В2. (C) Moscow Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov is the embodiment of political dilemma for the Kremlin. A loyal, founding member of United Russia and a trusted deliverer of votes and influence for the ruling party and its leader, Prime Minister Putin, Luzhkov's connections to Moscow's business community

-- the big and legitimate as well as the marginal and corrupt

-- has enabled him to call for support when he needs it, to deliver votes for United Russia, or to ensure that the city has the resources it needs to function smoothly. Luzhkov's national reputation as the man who governs the ungovernable, who cleans the streets, keeps the Metro running and maintains order in Europe's largest metropolis of almost 11 million people, earns him a certain amount of slack from government and party leaders. He oversaw what even United Russia insiders acknowledge was a dirty, compromised election for the Moscow City Duma in October, and yet received only a slap on the wrist from President Medvedev.

В3. (C) Muscovites are increasingly questioning the standard operating procedures of their chief executive, a man who, as of 2007, they no longer directly elect. Luzhkov's connections to the criminal world and the impact that these ties have had on governance and development in Moscow are increasingly a matter of public discussion. Although Luzhkov was successful in winning court-ordered damages from opposition leader Boris Nemtsov for his recent publication "Luzhkov: An Accounting," Nemtsov and his Solidarity-movement allies were heartened by the fact that the judge did not award damages on the basis of the corruption accusations themselves, but rather on a libel technicality.

В4. (C) Few believe that Luzhkov will voluntarily relinquish his post prior to 2012, when the Moscow City Duma must submit a list of mayoral candidates to Medvedev for his selection. United Russia will probably call on Luzhkov's political machine and his genuine public support to deliver votes for them in the 2011 State Duma elections, as well as the 2012 Presidential contest. With no apparent successor in line, and with no ambitions beyond remaining mayor, Luzhkov is in a solid position. The evidence of his involvement -- or at least association -- with corruption remains significant. This cable presents that side of Luzhkov -- one that bears not only on Luzhkov and his handling of local politics, but on Putin and Medvedev as they move toward the 2012 elections.

Background on Moscow's Criminal World

В5. (C) The Moscow city government's direct links to criminality have led some to call it "dysfunctional," and to assert that the government operates more as a kleptocracy than a government. Criminal elements enjoy a "krysha" (a term from the criminal/mafia world literally meaning "roof" or protection) that runs through the police, the Federal Security Service (FSB), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), and the prosecutor's office, as well as throughout the Moscow city government bureaucracy. Analysts identify a three-tiered structure in Moscow's criminal world. Luzhkov is at the top. The FSB, MVD, and militia are at the second level. Finally, ordinary criminals and corrupt inspectors are at the lowest level. This is an inefficient system in which criminal groups fill a void in some areas because the city is not providing some services.

В6. (C) XXXXX, told us that Moscow's ethnic criminal groups do business and give paybacks. It is the federal headquarters of the parties, not the criminal groups, who decide who will participate in politics. XXXXX argued that the political parties are the ones with the political clout; therefore, they have some power over these criminal groups.

MOSCOW 00000317 002 OF 003

Crime groups work with municipal bureaucrats, but at a low level. For example, the Armenians and Georgians were formerly heavily involved in the gambling business before city officials closed the gambling facilities. These ethnic groups needed protection from law enforcement crackdowns, so they sought cooperation with the municipal bureaucrats. In such scenarios, crime groups paid the Moscow police for protection.

Luzhkov's Links to Criminal Figures

В7. (S) XXXXX XXXXX, told us that Luzhkov's wife, Yelena Baturina, definitely has links to the criminal world, and particularly to the Solntsevo criminal group (widely regarded by Russian law enforcement as one of the most powerful organized crime groups in Russia). According to the Internet article, "On the Moscow Group," Vladimir Yevtushenko, the head of the company Sistema, is married to Natalya Yevtushenko, Baturina's sister. Sistema was created with Moscow city government-owned shares, and Sistema initially focused on privatizing the capital's real estate and gas. Sistema's president, Yevgeny Novitsky, controlled the Solntsevo criminal gang. Today, Sistema has spun off into various companies, which implement projects that typically include 50 percent funding from the Moscow city government.

В8. (S) According to XXXXX, Luzhkov used criminal money to support his rise to power and has been involved with bribes and deals regarding lucrative construction contracts throughout Moscow. XXXXX told us that Luzhkov's friends and associates (including recently deceased crime boss Vyacheslav Ivankov and reputedly corrupt Duma Deputy Joseph Kobzon) are "bandits." He told us that he knew this because he formerly had contacts in these criminal groups, but many of his contacts have since been killed. XXXXX said that the Moscow government has links to many different criminal groups and it regularly takes cash bribes from businesses. The people under Luzhkov maintain these criminal connections. Recently, ultranationalist LDPR opposition party leader Vladimir Zhirinovskiy strongly criticized Luzhkov and called for him to step down, claiming that Luzhkov's government was the "most criminal" in Russian history. This remarkable denunciation, carried on state TV flagship Channel One, was widely seen as an indirect Kremlin rebuke of Luzhkov.

В9. (S) XXXXX told us everyone knows that Russia's laws do not work. The Moscow system is based on officials making money. The government bureaucrats, FSB, MVD, police, and prosecutor's offices all accept bribes. XXXXX stated that everything depends on the Kremlin and he thought that Luzhkov, as well as many mayors and governors, pay off key insiders in the Kremlin. XXXXX argued that the vertical works because people are paying bribes all the way to the top. He told us that people often witness officials going into the Kremlin with large suitcases and bodyguards, and he speculated that the suitcases are full of money. The governors collect money based on bribes, almost resembling a tax system, throughout their regions. XXXXX described how there are parallel structures in the regions in which people are able to pay their leaders. For instance, the FSB, MVD, and militia all have distinct money collection systems. Further, XXXXX told us that deputies generally have to buy their seats in the government. They need money to get to the top, but once they are there, their positions become quite lucrative money making opportunities. Bureaucrats in Moscow are notorious for doing all kinds of illegal business to get extra money.

В10. (S) According to XXXXX, Luzhkov is following orders from the Kremlin to not go after Moscow's criminal groups. For example, XXXXX argued that it was only a public relations stunt from Putin to close gambling. In contrast to XXXXX said he did not see the sense in suitcases of money going into the Kremlin since it would be easier to open a secret account in Cyprus. He speculated that the Moscow police heads have a secret war chest of money. XXXXX said that this money is likely used to solve problems that the Kremlin decides, such as rigging elections. It can be accessed as a resource for when orders come from above, for example, for bribes or to pay off people when necessary. XXXXX postulated that the Kremlin might say to a governor that he can rule a certain territory but in exchange he must do what the Kremlin says.

В11. (C) Notwithstanding Luzhkov's solid position, some of our contacts believe that cracks have appeared in his armor, due

MOSCOW 00000317 003 OF 003

to his corrupt activities. XXXXX told us that Luzhkov has many enemies because his wife has the most lucrative business deals in Moscow and many people think Luzhkov has received too much money. The son of the head of the interior police, Vladimir Kolokotsev, told XXXXX that Kolokotsev's number one job is to get Luzhkov out within a year. Kolokotsev was credited with removing long-standing Governor Yegor Stroyev from Orel. XXXXX asserted that Luzhkov is "on his way out," although he acknowledged that the Kremlin has not identified a suitable replacement yet. Issues such as corruption and traffic congestion have, to a certain degree, eroded Luzhkov's popularity. Putin, XXXXX said, will likely pick the quietest and least expected person to replace

Luzhkov.

In Moscow, Everyone Needs a "Krysha"

В12. (C) According to many observers, the lawless criminal climate in Russia makes it difficult for businesses to survive without being defended by some type of protection. XXXXX explained how bribes work in Moscow: a cafe owner pays the local police chief via cash through a courier. He needs to pay a certain negotiated amount over a certain profit. The high prices of goods in Moscow cover these hidden costs. Sometimes people receive "bad protection" in the sense that the "krysha" extorts an excessive amount of money. As a result, they cannot make enough of a profit to maintain their businesses. If people attempt to forego protection, they will instantly be shut down. For example, officials from the fire or sanitation service will appear at the business and invent a violation. According to XXXXX, everyone has bought into the idea of protection in Moscow, so it has become a norm. In general, Muscovites have little freedom to speak out against corrupt activities and are afraid of their leaders.

В13. (C) XXXXX explained that Moscow business owners understand that it is best to get protection from the MVD and FSB (rather than organized crime groups) since they not only have more guns, resources, and power than criminal groups, but they are also protected by the law. For this reason, protection from criminal gangs is no longer so high in demand. Police and MVD collect money from small businesses while the FSB collects from big businesses. According to XXXXX, the FSB "krysha" is allegedly the best protection. He told us that, while the MVD and FSB both have close links to Solntsevo, the FSB is the real "krysha" for Solntsevo. This system is not an incentive for smaller businesses and nobody is immune; even rich people who think they are protected get arrested. According to Transparency International's 2009 survey, bribery costs Russia USD 300 billion a year, or about 18 percent of its gross domestic product. XXXXX argued that the "krysha" system has led to an erosion of police internal discipline. For instance, young police officers spend their money buying luxury vehicles that a normal worker could never afford.

Comment

В14. (S) Despite Medvedev's stated anti-corruption campaign, the extent of corruption in Moscow remains pervasive with Mayor Luzhkov at the top of the pyramid. Luzhkov oversees a system in which it appears that almost everyone at every level is involved in some form of corruption or criminal behavior. Putin and Medvedev's dilemma is deciding when Luzhkov becomes a bigger liability than asset. While public sentiment against Luzhkov has grown since the "tainted" elections in October 2009, United Russia's leadership knows that he has been a loyal supporter who can deliver voter support. Ousting Luzhkov before he is ready to go could create major difficulties because he could link others in the government to the corruption. While reforming Luzhkov's questionable activities might seem like the right thing to do, for now keeping him in place, efficiently running the city, is United Russia's best option. Ultimately, the tandem will put Luzhkov out to pasture, like it has done with fellow long-term regional leaders like Sverdlovsk oblast governor Edward Rossel and Tatarstan President Mintimir Shaymiyev. Beyrle

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Китов Павел 23 ноября 2011
Журналисткая солидарность дело хорошее, но по-моему, если ты журналист - будь объективен. А если ты изменяешь смысл документов - то ты уже политик, и усталость здесь не причём.
Google games4may@gmail.com 19 февраля 2011
Согласен полностью насчет того, что безе перевода публикация этой депеши совршенно ни к чему. Что это за снобизм? А может быть желание самим замаскировать какие-то аспекты ее содержания? На фоне критики "Гардиан" за цензурирование Викиликс такое пренебрежение незнакомыми с английским читателями выглядит совсем уж старнным.

И еще: когда вы наконец прекратите называть Асссанжа "Эссенждем"?!
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assange
"На что она мне ответила, что всегда не доверяла английским спецшколам..." (С))))
Панков Пётр 19 февраля 2011
В статье не хватает русского перевода депеши или хотя бы ссылки на такой перевод. В идеале сравниваемые тексты должны
располагаться взаимно параллельными столбцами. Для русскоязычного читателя статья в нынешнем виде теряет весь смысл.
С уважением...
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